looking for a hash windows shell extension? Hashtab is probably one of the best.
HashTab provides OS extensions to calculate file hashes. HashTab supports many hash algorithms such as MD5, SHA1, SHA2, RipeMD, HAVAL and Whirlpool. HashTab is supported as a Windows shell extension and a Mac Finder plugin. HashTab provides an easy way to verify file integrity and authenticity
What if you want to check the hash against a database of known bad or good hashes?
Use nsrlquery of course!
nsrlquery is an umbrella project that’s home to two separate, distinct subprojects:nsrlsvr, which provides a server that yields nsrl rds information on request, andnsrllookup, a simple command-line application that queries the server. The server is unix-only, but the client runs just fine on Windows.
But wait, what’s the nsrl rds and why is it important? Glad you asked!
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (nist) hosts the National Software Reference Library (nsrl). This is a set of millions of applications, libraries, common configuration files and every other thing imaginable that gets stored on a hard drive. As part of the nsrl, they’ve also published sha-1 and md5 hashes of everything in the nsrl. This list of hashes is called the Reference Data Set (rds).
Many digital investigations are plagued by a needle and a haystack problem: out of terabytes of data the investigator may only be interested in a small fraction. One of the most important tasks in digital forensics is winnowing out what might be wheat from what is overwhelmingly likely to be chaff. Many forensics tools, such as md5deep, can vet the hashes they create against a known-good list — but these tools are often ill-suited to make use of the rds, which is well over a gigabyte. Loading up a gigabyte of data every time one wishes to use md5deep is just not practical: a more pragmatic approach was needed.
How do I install it?
nsrllookup is just a ./configure && make && make install dance, like any other well-mannered application. For the Windows binaries it’s even easier: just drop the executable somewhere on your PATH and start having fun.
nsrlsvr requires a little more work. Read the included INSTALL file carefully.
How do I use it?
Once the server is built, starting it is as simple as launching it from the command line. Alternately, since it’s a well-behaving unix daemon it can be easily integrated into your particular unix’s daemon management system (launchctl, /etc/init.d, etc.).
Using the lookup tool is as simple as:
$ md5deep -r /path/to/mounted/disk | nsrllookup
It will print a list of all files that miss the nsrl rds. You may invert the behavior (only listing hits) with the -k flag. Alternately, if you need to generate both hits and misses in a single pass, use both the -K and -U flags:
$ md5deep -r /path/to/mounted/disk | nsrllookup -K KNOWN -U UNKNOWN
Once it finishes, the file KNOWN will contain hits (hashes known to the nsrl rds) and the file UNKNOWN will contain misses (hashes unknown).
Why should I trust it?
Right now you probably shouldn’t trust it — at least not without doing your own checks on its operation in order to ensure that it’s working correctly enough for you!
Although these tools are in use by real people doing real investigative tasks, that’s a pretty lousy reason to trust a piece of software. Real trust comes from having a codebase that’s small enough to read, well-written enough to be clear, and documented enough to accurately guide you through the code as you make your own decision of whether it’s trustworthy.
nsrlsvr is in the neighborhood of a thousand lines of well-written C++ code. It defines a grand total of one custom object which amounts to maybe twenty lines. Everything else is written in a very C-like dialect of C++ for ease of auditing, although it makes heavy use of C++’s superior memory management facilities, built-in data structures, and file I/O. Read it. I don’t think you’ll be disappointed!
nsrllookup is slightly smaller, but still in the neighborhood of a thousand lines of well-written C++ code. Like the server, the code is readable. Read it, and make your own decision about whether to trust it.